facing climate change
While Pacific Island Countries and Territories contribute to 0.03% of global greenhouse gas emissions, they are on the front line of climate change risks. According to the latest IPCC report1, if the planet warms up by an average of two degrees Celsius (+2°C), the risk of losing more than 90% of the Pacific region's marine and coastal ecosystems would be very likely.
For instance, with sea level rise estimated at 80cm by 21002 (Scenario SSP5-8.5, meaning very high GHG emissions), extreme weather events, accelerated coral bleaching, land salinization and ocean acidification, Pacific populations are already heavily impacted by the consequences of climate change.
With the majority of Pacific people relying on fisheries for their livelihoods, and 25% living below the poverty line3, the risk of food insecurity is a real challenge for this region, among other key challenges.
Preserving Pacific ecosystems and communities is a priority for the Kiwa Initiative, which contributes to the concrete implementation of Nature-based Solutions (NbS) for climate change adaptation in nineteen Pacific Island states and territories.
3 - Source : Rapport d’études n° 8 Pacifique Sud - Février 2019 - IRIS - Read the document