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A Kiwa Initiative side event on “Integrating Conservation and Human Rights”

During the CBD COP 15 (Montreal, December 7–19, 2022), our partners, the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), the Pacific Community (SPC), and the International Union for Conservation of Nature-Oceania regional office (IUCN-ORO), organized an event focused on Nature-based Solutions (NbS). Through presentations of projects that manage, protect, and restore Pacific ecosystems while also promoting local knowledge, participants were better able to grasp the potential of solutions inspired by nature.

Promoting ecosystem management and restoration projects in the Pacific region

Etika Qica, the Kiwa Initiative Coordinator at IUCN-ORO in charge of local projects, presented two of the initiative’s key projects: mangrove restoration and management in Fiji mangrove restoration and management in Fiji(held by the non-profit organization Community Centered Conservation) and coral reef restoration in South Malekula, Vanuatu (held by the non-profit organization Lamacca Climate Change).

He emphasized the importance of providing “Environmental and Social Management Systems” (ESMS) training to promote NbS. ESMS allow users to take into account the environment, society, gender, social inclusion, health, and safety at all stages of their project.

“In Vanuatu and Fiji, ‘ESMS’ was first seen as a technical term that seemed foreign to local populations. But once communities received training, project leaders realized they were already trying to include the most vulnerable in their awareness-raising sessions while working to protect the environment for future generations. The training helped them to better share their data with the broader community, in a more structured way.”

Including communities in climate adaptation projects

During this side-event, several participants brought up the need to integrate local ecological knowledge into the design and implementation of climate change adaptation strategies.

“Local community involvement is an important criterion in the selection of the Kiwa Initiative’s projects. Projects cannot be effective without the participation of local communities from the design phase,” said Guillaume Chiron, Deputy Head of the Agriculture, Rural Development and Biodiversity Division at Agence Française de Développement (AFD).

For example, as part of the local Kiwa project to restore coral reefs in South Malekula, Vanuatu (held by the non-profit organization Lamacca Climate Change), women traditionally monitor the mangroves. They then share their knowledge with the entire clan.

“We are aware that women, especially indigenous women, play a vital role in biodiversity conservation as the custodians of valuable knowledge and practices. In this regard, Kiwa Initiative’s work is clearly aligned with our values and the impact we are looking for. Nature-based Solutions and biodiversity are key themes in Canada’s International Climate Finance Program,” said Catherine Potvin, Deputy Director, Environment Policy and Global Initiatives at Global Affairs Canada.

A new agreement to protect global biodiversity and strengthen implementation of Nature-based Solutions

After two weeks of negotiations, the Convention on Biological Diversity signatories adopted a “historic” agreement to ensure and enable that by 2030, at least 30% of terrestrial, inland water, coastal and marine areas are effectively conserved and managed through ecologically representative protected areas that respect the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities over their territories. The new “Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework” also includes NbS in Target 8 (“Minimize the impact of climate change and ocean acidification on biodiversity and increase its resilience through mitigation, adaptation, and disaster risk reduction actions, including through Nature-based Solutions and/or ecosystem-based approaches while minimizing negative and fostering positive impacts of climate action on biodiversityand Target 11 (“Restore, maintain and enhance nature’s contributions to people, including ecosystem functions and services, such as regulation of air, water, and climate, soil health, pollination and reduction of disease risk, as well as protection from natural hazards and disasters, through Nature-based Solutions and/or Ecosystem-based Approaches for the benefit of all people and nature").

The Kiwa Initiative is committed to strengthening the climate resilience and well-being of Pacific communities through biodiversity management and conservation. We would like to express our sincere thanks to the roundtable contributors: our partners Etika Qica (IUCN), Anne-Claire Goarant (SPC), and Peter Davies (SPREP); donor representatives Catherine Potvin (Canada) and Guillaume Chiron (AFD); project leader Lolita Gibbons (Palau Conservation Society); member country representative Nenenteiti Teariki-Ruatau (Ministry of Environment, Lands and Agricultural Development in Kiribati); and Pacific youth representative Marinda Imakulata Tagiilima (Samoa).

 

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For more information on the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework: "UN conference concludes with ‘historic’ deal to protect a third of the world’s biodiversity" | UN News

Learn more about all the Kiwa Initiative projects: Projects presentation – Kiwa Initiative (kiwainitiative.org)

Celebrating International Day for the Conservation of Mangrove Ecosystems

  • Article concerné: Restoring mangroves for livelihoods in Fiji

On this World Mangrove Day, The Kiwa Initiative® would like to raise awareness about the importance of mangroves for communities and ecosystems in many Pacific island countries and territories.

Managing and restoring mangrove ecosystems is an achievable and cost effective way to help ensure #food #security for many #coastal #communities.

Several actions part of the Kiwa local projects managed by UICN-ORO will be organized this week, as:

  • In Timor-Leste, where Blue Ventures will plant mangroves with schoolchildren, local communities, and stakeholders : https://urlz.fr/mJKh

 

  • In Fiji, where C3Fiji will plant mangroves propagules at a new nursery in Naividamu village. The team will also do an awareness on mangrove at the Cadranasiga District School for this celebration week : https://urlz.fr/mLra

 

Did you know? A 500-meter mangrove strip reduce wave heights by 50 to 99%!

Evaluation des risques liés au genre aux îles Salomon

  • Article concerné: WISH +, Une gestion intégrée des bassins versants pour des bénéfices sur la biodiversité, la résilience climatique et la santé des communautés du Pacifique

La Wildlife Conservation Society Melanesia réalise un travail d'évaluation des risques liés au genre auprès des communautés dans les Îles Salomon, dans le cadre du processus du consentement préalable, libre et éclairé (#FPIC en anglais) du projet régional Kiwa WISH+. 

Cette démarche fait partie d'une évaluation globale de l'impact environnemental et social visant à développer des indicateurs de suivi des risques tenant compte de la dimension du genre pour le projet.

L'évaluation des risques liés au genre a été rendue possible grâce à la collaboration des partenaires du projet Kiwa WISH+, l'Université du Queensland et l'Université de Sydney.

Pour en savoir plus sur ce projet : https://urlz.fr/mF0v

Focus sur le projet régional WISH +

Avez-vous remarqué notre série “A la découverte de nos projets régionaux - Zoom sur le projet Kiwa® #WISH+” actuellement en cours sur nos réseaux sociaux Facebook, Linkedin, et Twitter  ?

Troisième projet de l'Initiative Kiwa, WISH + est mis en œuvre par Wildlife Conservation Society– WCS Melanesia et vise à intégrer la gestion des bassins versants sur des sites clés à Fidji, aux îles Salomon et en Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée, tout en développant des mécanismes de financement à grande échelle dans le but de générer des co-bénéfices pour les humains et les écosystèmes.

La Mélanésie est mondialement reconnue pour sa biodiversité exceptionnelle  et son niveau élevé d'endémisme. Cependant, elle est aussi extrêmement vulnérable aux impacts négatifs du dérèglement climatique, notamment l'élévation du niveau de la mer, les précipitations extrêmes, les sécheresses et les changements de température. Chaque territoire a ses spécificités :
- A Fidji, les forêts primaires se distinguent par leurs niveaux élevés d'endémisme, mais elles subissent une dégradation continue, notamment dans les petits bassins versants côtiers.
- Les Îles Salomon ont connu une exploitation forestière intensive depuis les années 1990, ce qui a entraîné des impacts sociaux ainsi que des impacts sur la qualité de l'eau et les ressources en aval.
- La Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée a connu une perte nette de 15 % des forêts entre 1972 et 2002, et 8,8 % des forêts ont été dégradées (Shearman et al. 2009).

Quels sont les objectifs du projet ? Le détail de chaque axe de travail ? Les solutions concrètes qui seront mises en œuvre ? Les résultats attendus ? Pour le savoir, retrouvez les dernières publications sur le Fil d’actualités de la page Une gestion intégrée des bassins versants pour des bénéfices sur la biodiversité, la résilience climatique et la santé des communautés du Pacifique - Initiative Kiwa (kiwainitiative.org) et découvrez prochainement les membres de l’équipe de ce beau projet !

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